Daniel Andrews Other victims include two dogs who were shot or killed after being suspected of witchcraft. The fact is, no accused witches were burned at the stake in Salem, Massachusetts.
Witch hunts The events in Salem in were but one chapter in a long story of witch hunts that began in Europe between and and ended in the late 18th century with the last known execution for witchcraft taking place in Switzerland in Some three-fourths of those European witch hunts took place in western Germanythe Low CountriesFrancenorthern Italyand Switzerland.
The number of trials and executions varied according to time and place, but it is generally believed that somepersons in total were tried for witchcraft and between 40, to 60, were executed.
Witches were considered to be followers of Satan who had traded their souls for his assistance. There is little doubt that some individuals did worship the devil and attempt to practice sorcery with harmful intent.
The process of identifying witches began with suspicions or rumours. Accusations followed, often escalating to convictions and executions.
The Salem witch trials and executions came about as the result of a combination of church politics, family feuds, and hysterical children, all of which unfolded in a vacuum of political authority.
Setting the scene There were two Salems in the late 17th century: Squabbles over property were commonplace, and litigiousness was rampant. Parris, whose largely theological studies at Harvard College now Harvard University had been interrupted before he could graduate, was in the process of changing careers from business to the ministry.
He brought to Salem Village his wife, their three children, a niece, and two slaves who were originally from Barbados—John Indian, a man, and Titubaa woman. There is uncertainty regarding the relationship between the slaves and their ethnic origins.
Some scholars believe that they were of African heritage, while others think that they may have been of Caribbean Native American heritage. Parris had shrewdly negotiated his contract with the congregation, but relatively early in his tenure he sought greater compensation, including ownership of the parsonage, which did not sit well with many members of the congregation.
In the process Salem divided into pro- and anti-Parris factions. They screamed, made odd sounds, threw things, contorted their bodies, and complained of biting and pinching sensations. The hallucinogen LSD is a derivative of ergot.
Given the subsequent spread of the strange behaviour to other girls and young women in the community and the timing of its display, however, those physiological and psychological explanations are not very convincing. The litany of odd behaviour also mirrored that of the children of a Boston family who in were believed to have been bewitched, a description of which had been provided by Congregational minister Cotton Mather in his book Memorable Providences, Relating to Witchcraft and Possessions and which may have been known by the girls in Salem Village.
In February, unable to account for their behaviour medically, the local doctor, William Griggs, put the blame on the supernatural.
Although it provided no answers, its baking outraged Parris, who saw it as a blasphemous act.The exact cause of the Salem Witch Trials has long remained a mystery. Like many historical events, figuring out what happened is one thing but trying to figure out why it happened is much harder.
The Salem Witch Trials were a series of witchcraft trials that took place in in Massachusetts. Nearly people were accused of witchcraft and by the end of the trials, 19 were sentenced to death by hanging and executed. Salem witch trials, (June –May ), in American history, a series of investigations and persecutions that caused 19 convicted “witches” to be hanged and many other suspects to be imprisoned in Salem Village in the Massachusetts Bay Colony (now Danvers, Massachusetts).
The Salem witch trials occupy a unique place in our collective history. The mystery around the hysteria and miscarriage of justice continue to inspire new critiques, most recently with today’s release of The Witches: Salem, by Pulitzer Prize-winning Stacy Schiff.
The Salem Witch Trials of were a dark time in American history. More than people were accused of practicing witchcraft and 20 were killed during the hysteria. Ever since those dark days ended, the trials have become synonymous with mass hysteria and scapegoating.
Causes of the Salem Witch Trials Essay Words | 9 Pages. greatest impact possible. The Salem Witch Trials are one such conflict. This conflict caused many to be accused, arrested, and killed.