Major Approaches to Clinical Psychology: Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Slide 2:
Major Approaches to Clinical Psychology: Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Slide 2: A variety of approaches exist for the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder OCD.
Four major approaches include psychodynamic, cognitive-behavioral, humanistic, and family systems. OCD has a well-established biological component similar to other anxiety disorders. According to the National Institutes of Health anxiety produces affective physical reactions in people, and the biological perspective views the activation or stimulation of the nervous system and its excesses or deficiencies.
There may also be associated genetic predispositions, neuro-chemical, and hormonal malfunctions Schimelpfening, Emotion components include underlying concerns or experiences that have not been openly addressed.
From a psychodynamic perspective, there may be pain and sadness resulting from early childhood parental relations.
The cognitive-behavioral components of OCD include cognitive distortions of oneself and one's environment. Anxiety is often the result of maladaptive thought processes and dysfunctional thought patterns.
Misinterpreted situations, and the underestimation of emotional ability may contribute to the disorder. Each approach has distinct perceptions of OCD and equally distinct methods of management. Freud believed obsessive-compulsive symptoms are based on defense mechanisms that he called isolation of affect and undoing.
These mechanisms help the affected individual manage anxiety-provoking impulses and thoughts.
Using the isolation of affect, individuals treat unwanted thoughts as unconnected to their feelings and experience and more as intruding annoyances. Isolating relates to how individuals treat their obsessive thoughts. Undoing is the use of ritual as a magical treatment to rid oneself of the disturbing thought.
The undoing relates to the compulsion side of OCD.
Freud also theorized the symptoms of OCD were caused by misunderstood punishment and rigid toilet training that led to internalized conflicts. Other psychodynamic theorists considered OCD the result of the cultural demand for cleanliness and neatness, as well as parental style and punishment tactics during childhood.
According to Fraum"the fundamental issues that drive these symptoms include fear of rejection or abandonment, as well as interpersonal issues regarding intimacy, sex, control, power or other problems in their relationship" para.
Freud published a case study on a patient he called Rat-man. He claimed he successfully treated the man for obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviors which Freud thought began from sexual and punitive issues in his childhood Wertz, According to Abendpsychodynamic therapy focuses on pathological anxiety that arises from unconscious emotional conflicts, so therapists in this discipline tend to use basic psychodynamic techniques to address most anxiety disorders Abend, Through an established bond between the patient and the therapist, the patient is encouraged to speak freely to uncover the roots of the anxiety, and to recall dreams.
Guided imagery and movement is also used in the psychodynamic approach.
The therapist helps the client identify and understand problems as a reaction to present and past issues. Since the psychodynamic approach seeks to uncover unconscious directives, the therapist must be capable of interpreting the patient's thoughts, feelings, and dreams and assisting the patient to identify the unconscious motives to help the patient resolve the conflicting emotions.Different approaches to psychotherapy Psychologists generally draw on one or more theories of psychotherapy.
A theory of psychotherapy acts as a roadmap for psychologists: It guides them through the process of understanding clients and their problems and developing solutions. Summary of approaches to clinical psychology. Please compare and contrast the four major approaches to clinical psychology: psychodynamic, cognitive-behavioral, humanistic, and family systems.
Major approaches to clinical psychology Obsessive Compulsive Disorder By Katya Finferanjen Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Psychodynamic Approach: Origins and Goals. Create a (10 to 15 slide) Microsoft ® PowerPoint ® presentation in which you compare and contrast the major approaches to clinical psychology—psychodynamic, cognitive-behavioral, humanistic, and family systems—in relation to the selected disorder.
Address the following items. Clinical psychology is the branch of psychology concerned with the assessment and treatment of mental illness, abnormal behavior, and psychiatric problems.
This field integrates the science of psychology with the treatment of complex human problems, making it an exciting career choice for people who are looking to work in a challenging and rewarding field.
Approaches to Clinical Psychology PSY October 25, Approaches to Clinical Psychology Clinical psychology involves the assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of mental illnesses that affect human behavior (Plante, ). Clinical psychologists use scientific principles, specific theories and clinical knowledge to achieve their purposes of promoting psychological well-being. There are four fundamental approaches to clinical psychology: psychodynamic, humanistic, cognitive behavioral and family. Create a (10 to 15 slide) Microsoft ® PowerPoint ® presentation in which you compare and contrast the major approaches to clinical psychology—psychodynamic, cognitive-behavioral, humanistic, and family systems—in relation to the selected disorder. Address the following items.
Major approaches to clinical psychology Obsessive Compulsive Disorder By Katya Finferanjen Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Psychodynamic Approach: Origins and Goals.