The methodology section of a research paper answers two main questions:
Formulating A Qualitative Research Question 1. What Is Qualitative Research? When planning a research project, a good starting point is to think about your own position regarding how you see the world.
What do you think can be studied? Is there a real objective world out there that we can examine as researchers? Or can we only examine constructions of something that might be real, true and objective?
Or is everything a construction? If you have never thought about this and you want to conduct scientific research, a recommendation is to read the seminal works by Thomas Kuhn and Paul Feyerabend: Kuhn shows that many of the great scientific discoveries were made by chance rather than by applying a rigid methodology.
Thus, we can never be sure whether our knowledge is in fact objective or whether it is limited to what we are able to see at the moment. The limitations may be of technical or cognitive nature.
Kuhn provides examples where scientists have not recognized obvious facts just because they did not believe that they could exist. When you are interested to find out more about the way science works, I recommend reading the book yourself.
For all readers with German language proficiency, I suggest the book by Wallach on the philosophical basic of science. Feyerabend is another must-read if you are interested in the philosophy of science.
He became known as revolutionary scientists and most readers are likely to have heard about his famous methodological conclusion: A famous quote is: What is qualitative research and how can we define it?
This means that qualitative researchers study things in their natural settings, attempting to make sense of or interpret phenomena in terms of the meanings people bring to them.
Additionally, special consideration is given to the researcher as person. He or she is not the independent observer in a white coat — a picture that is often drawn when natural scientists are depicted.
As Denzin and Lincoln write: We can only see what our class, culture, race, gender or other factors allows us to recognize. There are plenty of examples for this in our everyday life. One day I needed a longer cable and asked the secretary whether the institute had such a cable.
I had already looked through the cupboard where the cables are stored but did not find anything. The secretary then went together with me to the same cupboard and gave me a long transparent cable.
I had looked for something black and therefore did not see it. The same happens when you conduct research and simply do not consider that the thing you look for might be red or blue or even patterned instead of black and white.
There are numerous famous examples where major discoveries were delayed or where observations were ignored because they did not fit prevalent theory and thus inhibiting progress and knowledge generation.
When you are interested, take a look at the already mentioned books by Thomas Kuhn and Paul Feyerabend. I am not sure whether you, the reader, already have a clear position about how you see the world that you want to examine in your research project.
But you should grasp by now that qualitative research is not desk research, we go out into whatever we consider the real world, observe and talk to people, interact with them aiming to understand what is important to them and how they perceive the world.
Self-reflection is our constant companion and from the very beginning to the end of a research project it is important to consider who we are, how we are perceived by others and as what kind of person we enter the field.Quality academic help from professional paper & essay writing service.
Best team of research writers makes best orders for students. Bulletproof company that guarantees customer support & lowest prices & money back.
Place with timely delivery and free revisions that suit your needs!
Rule 1: Define a Topic and Audience. How to choose which topic to review? There are so many issues in contemporary science that you could spend a lifetime of attending conferences and reading the literature just pondering what to review.
The Scholarly Conversation. A literature review provides an overview of previous research on a topic that critically evaluates, classifies, and compares what has already been published on a particular metin2sell.com allows the author to synthesize and place into context the research and scholarly literature relevant to the topic.
The ultimate guide to the "what," "how," and "why" of literature reviewing, the Second Edition of the classic text shows how the literature review will unlock the full potential of one′s research with. A thorough exploration of the literature review process from start to finish.
GUIDELINES FOR HOW TO CARRY OUT AN ANALYTICAL REVIEW OF QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH. When comparing therapies. PRISMA (Guideline on how to perform and write-up a systematic review and/or meta-analysis of the outcomes reported in multiple clinical trials of therapeutic interventions.
The substantially updated and revised Fifth Edition of The SAGE Handbook of Qualitative Research by editors Norman K. Denzin and Yvonna S. Lincoln presents the state-of-the-art theory and practice of qualitative metin2sell.comenting top scholars from around the world, the editors and contributors continue the tradition of synthesizing existing literature.